Contributor Bios

William Anastasi (b. 1933, Philadelphia, PA) Anastasi is self-taught as an artist. He is the 2010 recipient of the biennial John Cage Award from the Foundation for Contemporary Arts. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Björn Ressle Fine Art, New York (2006); Baumgartner Gallery, New York and Gallery 360°, Tokyo (2006); Michael Benevento/Orange Group, Los Angeles (2007); Peter Blum Gallery, New York (2008); and Emilio Mazzoli, Modena, Italy (2009). Anastasi has had four retrospectives at Moore College of Art & Design, Philadelphia (1995); Nikolaj, Copenhagen Contemporary Art Center, Denmark (2001); The Drawing Center, New York (2007); and the Esbjerg Kunstmuseum, Denmark (2009). His work has been included in numerous group exhibitions, including shows at Whitebox, New York (2007); Galerie Sfeir-Semler, Hamburg (2008); the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia, Spain (2009); and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York (2009). Anastasi lives and works in New York City. More information about his work can be found at www.williamanastasi.net.

Carl Andre (b. 1935, Quincy, MA) After attending public school in Quincy, Massachusetts (1941-1950), Andre graduated from Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachusetts, in 1953. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Galerie Tschudi, Glarus, Switzerland (2006, 2007); Andrea Rosen, New York (2007); Kunst Station Sankt Peter, Köln (2007); Konrad Fischer Galerie, Berlin (2007); ACE Gallery, Beverly Hills, California (2007); Yvon Lambert, Paris (2008); Galerie Greta Meert, Brussels (2008); Konrad Fischer Galerie, Düsseldorf (2006, 2008); Galerie Tschudi, Zuoz, Switzerland (2008); Paula Cooper Gallery, New York (2006, 2007, 2008); and Sadie Coles HQ, London (2006, 2009). The most recent retrospective of Andre’s work was held at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York in 1970. Andre lives and works in New York City. More information about his work can be found at www.carlandre.net.

Stephen Antonakos (b. 1926, Greece) Antonakos emigrated from Greece to New York in 1930. He has exhibited in New York for over fifty years and is known primarily for his abstract geometric work in neon as well as on paper. In 2007, a retrospective was organized by the J.F. Costopoulos Foundation, Athens, Greece, and traveled to the Allentown Art Museum, Pennsylvania in 2008. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Le Consortium Dijon, France (2006); The Drawing Room, East Hampton, NY (2006); Galleria Bonomo, Bari, Italy (2006); Gallery Citronne, Poros, Greece (2007); the Hellenic American Union, Athens (2007); Kalfayan Gallery, Athens (2008); the Savannah College of Art and Design, Savannah and Atlanta, Georgia (2008-2009); the National Museum of Contemporary Art, Athens (2009); and Lori Bookstein Fine Art, New York (2010). Antonakos’s permanent public works have been installed across the United States and in France, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Japan, and the Ukraine. Antonakos lives and works in New York City. More information about his work can be found at www.stephenantonakos.com.

Frank Badur (b. 1944, Oranienburg, Germany) Badur studied painting at the School of Fine Arts, Berlin, from 1963 to 1969. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Espace Fanal, Basel, Switzerland (2006); Kunstforum Solothurn, Switzerland (2007); Galerie Carmen Weber, Zug, Switzerland (2007); Hamish Morrison Galerie, Berlin (2009); Fruehsorge Contemporary Drawings, Berlin (2009); Galerie Jordan Seydoux, Berlin (2009); Galerie Nicole Schlégl, Zürich (2009); and Galerie Bernard Jordan, Zürich (2010). In 2007, he was a visiting artist at Georgia State University, Atlanta. Badur lives and works in Berlin and Finland. More information about his work can be found at www.frankbadur.de.

Jill Baroff (b. 1954, Summit, NJ) Baroff received her BFA at Antioch University in Yellow Springs, Ohio (1976), participated in the Artist Seminars Program at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York (1978), and pursued post-graduate studies at Hunter College of The City University of New York (1980-1981). She has studied and lived in Japan as part of the Japan-US Friendship Commission’s Creative Artists exchange program (1996) and as a visiting artist at the Awagami Paper Factory, Tokushima, Japan (1998). Baroff has been awarded grants and fellowships from the Pollock-Krasner Foundation; the MacDowell Colony, New Hampshire; the New York Foundation for the Arts; the National Endowment for the Arts; the Adolph and Esther Gottlieb Foundation; and the Field Institute in Hombroich, Germany. Baroff’s most recent solo exhibitions were held at Bartha Contemporary, London (2007); Margarete Roeder, New York (2007); and Galerie Christian Lethert, Köln (2010). Her work has recently been included in group shows at the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia, Spain (2009); CRAC Alsace, Altkirch, France (2009); Museum Langmatt, Baden, Switzerland (2009); Museum Folkwang, Essen, Germany (2010); The Contemporary Museum, Honolulu (2010); and the University of Alaska Museum of the North, Fairbanks (2010). Baroff lives and works in Brooklyn, New York. More information about her work can be found at www.jillbaroff.net.

Robert Barry (b. 1936, Bronx, NY) Barry earned his BFA (1957) and his MA (1963) from Hunter College of The City University of New York, NY. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Galerie Alfonso Artiaco, Naples, Italy (2007); Showcase Alfred Vandaele, Ghent, Belgium (2007); Klemens Gasser & Tanja Grunert, New York (2007); Galerie Bugdahn und Kaimer, Düsseldorf (2008); Galerie Jan Mot, Brussels (2008); Ritter/Zamet, London (2008); Galerie Greta Meert, Brussels (2007, 2009); Yvon Lambert, Paris (2009); Yvon Lambert, New York (2009); The Common Guild, Glasgow (2010); and Galerie Sfeir-Semler, Hamburg (2010). The most recent retrospective of Barry’s work was held in 2003 at the Kunsthalle Nürnberg, Germany and the Aargauer Kunsthaus, Switzerland. Barry lives and works in Teaneck, New Jersey.

Suzanne Bocanegra (b. 1957, Houston, TX) Bocanegra earned her BFA from the University of Texas, Austin (1979) and her MFA from the San Francisco Art Institute, California (1984). She won the Prix de Rome in 1990. She has been the recipient of grants and fellowships from the Pollock-Krasner Foundation (1988, 1990, 2003); the Marie Walsh Sharpe Arts Foundation (1993); the New York Foundation for the Arts (1989, 1993, 2001, 2005); the National Endowment for the Arts (1994); the Joan Mitchell Foundation (2001); the Tiffany Foundation (2001); and the Danish Arts Council (2007). Bocanegra has recently held solo exhibitions at Lucas Schoormans Gallery (2003); Victoria Munroe Fine Art, Boston (2006); the World Financial Center Winter Garden, New York (2009); and the Tang Teaching Museum and Art Gallery at Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, NY (2010). Her lecture piece, When a Priest Marries a Witch: An Artist Lecture starring Paul Lazar, was first performed at The Museum of Modern Art, New York, in May 2010; it was given a second time at the Wexner Center, Columbus, Ohio, in October 2010, and was the subject of a workshop and residency at the Performing Garage, New York, in November 2010. In April 2011, the lecture will open for a week-long run at The Chocolate Factory Theater, New York. Bocanegra’s large-scale performance piece, The Girl Scout Opera, will also debut at the Ohio State University in 2011. Bocanegra lives and works in New York City. More information about her work can be found at www.suzannebocanegra.com.

Mel Bochner (b. 1940, Pittsburgh, PA) Bochner received his BFA from the Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburgh, in 1962. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at the Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois (2006); Domaine de Kerguéhennec, Bignan, France (2007); Peter Freeman Gallery, New York (2006, 2008); Rhona Hoffman Gallery, Chicago (2009); Marc Selwyn Fine Art, Los Angeles (2008, 2010); Galerie Nelson-Freeman, Paris (2007, 2010); and Fraenkel Gallery, San Francisco (2010). A 2006 retrospective of his drawings traveled through San Diego, California; Greensboro, North Carolina; Birmingham, Alabama; and New York. Bochner lives and works in New York City. More information about his work can be found at www.melbochner.net.

Dove Bradshaw (b. 1949, New York, NY) Bradshaw earned her BFA from the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (1974). She has been awarded the National Endowment of the Arts Award for Sculpture (1975) and the Pollock-Krasner Foundation Award for Painting (1985). Bradshaw has received grants from the New York State Council on the Arts through Merce Cunningham Dance Company for décor and costumes (1987); the Furthermore Foundation (2003); and the Antarctic Artists and Writers Program of the National Science Foundation (2006). In 2007, she was a resident artist at the Pont-Aven School of Contemporary Art, France. Bradshaw has had two mid-career exhibitions: Dove Bradshaw at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles (1998) and Dove Bradshaw, Formformlessness, 1969-2003 at the City University of New York (2003). Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Gallery 360°, Tokyo (2006); Björn Ressle Fine Art, New York and Senzatitolo Associzaione Culturale, Rome (2007); Pierre Menard Gallery, Cambridge, Massachusetts (2008); and Larry Becker Contemporary Art, Philadelphia (2008). Bradshaw has been included in group exhibitions at numerous venues, most recently including Galerie Sfeir-Semler, Hamburg (2008); the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia, Spain (2009); and the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York (2009). Radio Rocks, commissioned by Lucrezia Durini, became a permanent work for the town of Bolognano, Italy, in 2006. Bradshaw lives and works in New York City. More information about her work can be found at www.dovebradshaw.com.

Trisha Brown (b. 1936, Aberdeen, WA) Brown is well known as an innovative choreographer, and her work on paper is informed by her experiences with movement and dance. She earned her BA at Mills College, Oakland, California (1958) and received a DFA from Bates College, Lewiston, Maine (2000). Brown founded the Trisha Brown Dance Company in New York City in 1970, and she has since received numerous honors and recognitions for her choreography and dance performances. In 2008, the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, organized a major retrospective of Brown’s dance pieces and drawings. A solo exhibition of Brown’s drawings was held at Sikkema Jenkins & Co., New York, in 2009. Brown lives and works in New York City. More information about her contributions to modern dance and choreography can be found at www.trishabrowncompany.org.

John Cage (b. 1912, Los Angeles, CA; d. 1992, New York, NY) Cage was well known as an experimental composer, philosopher, writer, and visual artist. He attended Pomona College in California from 1928 to 1930 and later studied under Henry Cowell and Arnold Schoenberg. A protean figure of the postwar avant-garde, Cage collaborated with Merce Cunningham and visual artists including Joseph Beuys, Robert Rauschenberg, and Nam June Paik. Solo exhibitions have most recently been held at La Casa Encendida, Madrid (2006); Margarete Roeder Gallery, New York (2006); the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, Scotland (2007); Galerie Stihl, Waiblingen, Germany (2009); the New Arts Program, Kutztown, Pennsylvania (2009); and the Henie Onstad Art Centre, Høvikodden, Norway. In 2010, a major traveling exhibition, John Cage: Every Day is a Good Day, was organized by Hayward Touring Exhibition and traveled through the United Kingdom to the BALTIC Centre for Contemporary Art, Gateshead; Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge; the Huddersfield Art Gallery, Huddersfield; the Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery, Glasgow; and the De La Warr Pavilion, Bexhill on Sea. Cage’s work has been included in numerous museum exhibitions, including such recent venues as the Centre Pompidou, Paris (2008); the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, California (2008); the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia, Spain (2009); the Solmon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York (2009); ZKM|Center for Art and Media, Karlsruhe, Germany (2009); the Museu d’Art Contemporani, Barcelona (2009); and the Madison Museum of Contemporary Art, Wisconsin (2009). Cage lived and worked in New York City.

Anne Chu (b. 1959, New York, NY) Chu earned her BFA at the Philadelphia College of Art, Pennsylvania (1982) and her MFA at Columbia University, New York (1985). She has been awarded fellowships and grants from organizations including Art Matters, Inc., the National Endowment for the Arts, Dieu Donné Papermill, The Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation, and the Joan Mitchell Foundation. She was a recipient of both the Anonymous Was a Woman Award and the Penny McCall Award in 2002, and in 2010 she was awarded a John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship. Chu has recently held solo exhibitions at the Miami Museum of Contemporary Art, Florida (2006); Victoria Miro Gallery, London (2006); Monica De Cardenas, Milan (2007); 303 Gallery, New York (2008); Donald Young Gallery, Chicago (2007, 2009); and Monica De Cardenas, Zuoz, Switzerland (2009). In 2010, Chu was included in Mineral Spirits: Anne Chu and Matthew Monahan at the Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia. She will have a solo show at the Kunstmuseum Krefeld, Germany, in 2012. Chu lives and works in New York City.

Bruce Conner (b. 1933, McPherson, KS; d. 2008, San Francisco, CA) Conner received his BFA from Nebraska University, Lincoln (1956) before attending courses at the Brooklyn Museum Art School, New York (1956) and the University of Colorado (1957). A major exhibition of Conner’s work was organized by the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis (1999), and traveled in 2000 to the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Texas; the M. H. de Young Memorial Museum, San Francisco; and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Kohn Hutter Fine Art, Beverly Hills, California (2006); Miyake Fine Art, Tokyo (2006); Susan Inglett Gallery, New York (2007); Gallery Paule Anglim, San Francisco (2007); Michael Kohn Gallery, Los Angeles (2007); the UC Berkeley Art Museum, California (2008); and the Milwaukee Art Museum, Wisconsin (2009). Conner lived and worked in San Francisco.

William Corbett is a poet who lives in Boston’s South End and teaches writing at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He has published Philip Guston’s Late Work: A Memoir, edited Just the Thing: The Selected Letters of James Schuyler, and serves on the advisory board of Manhattan’s CUE Art Foundation. In 2008, Hanging Loose Press published Corbett’s book of poems, Opening Day, and will publish The Whalen Poem in 2011. Pressed Wafer published his book on the painter Albert York in 2010.

Russell Crotty (b. 1956, San Rafael, CA) Crotty earned his BFA from the San Francisco Art Institute, California (1978) and completed his MFA at the University of California, Irvine (1980). He is an amateur astronomer, and his interests in astronomy and the environment influence his works on paper. Crotty has been awarded fellowships by the National Endowment for the Arts (1991); the Peter Reed Foundation, New York (1999); and The Ballinglen Arts Foundation, Ballycastle, Ireland (2008). He has also served as a visiting artist at the California Institute of the Arts, Valencia (2001, 2003) and the University of California, Los Angeles (1998, 1999). Recent solo exhibitions have been held at CRG Gallery, New York (2006); Galerie Ulrike Schmela, Düsseldorf (2008); Shoshana Wayne Gallery, Santa Monica (2009); and the Hosfelt Gallery, San Francisco (2006, 2010); and Michel Soskine, Madrid (2010). Crotty lives and works in Ojai and Upper Lake, California. More information about his work can be found at www.russellcrotty.com.

Annabel Daou (b. 1967, Beirut, Lebanon) Daou was born and raised in Beirut during the Lebanese Civil War. She moved to New York City at age eighteen and attended Barnard College of Columbia University, New York (1989). Daou held a residency at the Elizabeth Foundation for the Arts Studio Center, New York (2002-2007) and was a Brown Foundation Fellow in Residence at the Dora Maar House, Ménerbes, France (2008). In Dallas in 2011, she will be in residence at CentralTrak and will be a visiting professor at the Meadows Art School, Southern Methodist University. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Josée Bienvenu Gallery, New York (2006); Gallery Joe, Philadelphia (2007); the David Winton Bell Gallery at Brown University, Providence (2009); and the Conduit Gallery, Dallas (2007, 2010). Daou is a founder of the dB Foundation in New York, a small collaborative effort to organize alternative exhibitions and projects (www.dbfoundation.org), most recently Home Base IV in New York (2009); CAFÉ at the Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C. (2009); and We Are Not an Arab Artist, New York Chronicles at Virginia Commonwealth University in Doha, Qatar (2010). Daou lives and works in New York City.

Elena del Rivero (b. 1949, Valencia, Spain) Del Rivero received her Intermediate degree from the University of Valencia, Spain (1971) and studied English philology at the University of Valencia from 1972 to 1975. After graduating from Cambridge University, UK, with a diploma in English Literature (1977), she studied painting and printmaking at the Estudio Arjona and Oscar Manesi Workshop in Madrid (1978-1984). Del Rivero was awarded the Prix de Rome for Painting in 1988. She has since received grants from the Pollock-Krasner Foundation (1991, 2002); the New York Foundation for the Arts (2001, 2002); and the Creative Capital Foundation (2001, 2003). She completed a Rockefeller Foundation fellowship at the Bellagio Center, Italy, in 2005. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Fundación La Caixa, Lérida, Spain (2006); the Institut Valencia d’Art Modern, Valencia, Spain (2006); Museo Patio Herreriano, Valladolid, Spain (2007); The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. (2008); Galería Elvira González, Madrid, Spain (2004, 2006, 2009); Edificio histórico de la Universidad de Barcelona, Spain (2009); Espacio AV, Murcia, Spain (2010); La Conservera, Murcia, Spain (2010); and Galeria Senda, Barcelona (2010). Del Rivero lives and works in New York City. More information about her work can be found at www.the-paraclete.com.

Mark di Suvero (b. 1933, Shanghai, China) Di Suvero immigrated to the United States in 1941 and received a BA in Philosophy from the University of California, Berkeley. He is the founder of the Athena Foundation (1977) and the Socrates Sculpture Park in Long Island City, New York (1986). In 2000, di Suvero was awarded the International Sculpture Center Lifetime Achievement Award for Contemporary Sculpture, and he received the Heinz Award for Arts and Humanities in 2005. Di Suvero’s sculpture is publicly sited throughout the United States and abroad. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Millennium Park, Chicago (2007); the Chicago Cultural Center, Illinois (2007); Akira Ikeda Gallery, Berlin (2007); the City of Valenciennes and the City of Cambrai, France (2007); LA Louver Gallery, Venice, California (2008); the Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Coral Gables, Florida (2008); John Berggruen Gallery, San Francisco (2009); Zane Bennett Contemporary Art, Santa Fe (2009); the Morgan Library & Museum, New York (2010); Tasende Gallery, La Jolla, California (2010); and Paula Cooper Gallery, New York (2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010). Di Suvero lives in New York City and works in Long Island City, New York; Petaluma, California; and Chalon-sur-Saône, France.

Nicole Phungrasamee Fein (b. 1974, Evanston, IL) Fein earned her BA and BFA from Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts, and the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (1995-1996). During her undergraduate study, she traveled to Hanzhou, China, where she received her Foreign Student Certificate from the China National Academy of Fine Arts (1994). In 2002, Fein earned her MFA from Mills College in Oakland, California. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at the Devin Borden Hiram Butler Gallery, Houston, Texas (2006); Gallery Joe, Philadelphia (2006, 2009); and the Hosfelt Gallery, San Francisco (2004, 2007, 2010). Fein’s work has been included in numerous group exhibitions, most recently at such venues as Victoria Munroe Fine Art, Boston (2007); the Hosfelt Gallery, San Francisco (2007); San Francisco State University, California (2007); the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, Legion of Honor, California (2007); Gallery Joe, Philadelphia (2006, 2009); and the Hosfelt Gallery, New York (2006, 2007, 2009). Fein lives and works in San Francisco.

Elizabeth Finch is the Lunder Curator of American Art at the Colby College Museum of Art in Waterville, Maine.

Dan Flavin (b. 1933, Queens, NY; d. 1996, Riverhead, NY) Flavin was trained as a meteorological technician by the United States Air Force before studying at the University of Maryland Extension Program in Osan-ni, Korea. He attended the New School for Social Research, New York (1956) and Columbia University, New York (1957-1959). Flavin’s first solo exhibitions were held at the Judson Gallery (1961) and the Green Gallery (1964), both in New York. In 1969, the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, organized his first major museum retrospective. His work was included in a number of key early exhibitions of Minimal art in the 1960s, among them Black, White, and Gray (Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, Connecticut, 1964); Primary Structures (The Jewish Museum, New York, 1966); and Minimal Art (Gemeentemuseum, The Hague, 1968). The Dia Art Foundation opened the Dan Flavin Art Institute in Bridgehampton, New York, in 1983. His work was permanently installed in the Dan Flavin Gallery at the Menil Collection, Houston, Texas in 1998. In 2004, a retrospective was organized by the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., in association with the Dia Art Foundation, and traveled to the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Texas; the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago; the Hayward Gallery, London; the Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris; the Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich; and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, California. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at the Gagosian Gallery, London (2006); The Frick Art Museum, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (2006); Guild Hall, East Hampton, New York (2007); Björn Ressle Fine Art, New York (2007); Margo Leavin Gallery, Los Angeles (2007); The Pulitzer Foundation for the Arts, St. Louis, Missouri (2008); Zwirner & Wirth, New York (2008); David Zwirner, New York (2009); and Paula Cooper Gallery, New York (2006, 2010). Flavin lived and worked in New York.

Carter Foster is the Curator of Drawings at the Whitney Museum of American Art.

John Fraser (b. 1952, Chicago, IL) Fraser earned his BA from Roosevelt University, Chicago (1975) and his MFA from Northern Illinois University, Dekalb (1989). Fraser has been a visiting artist at numerous universities, including the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada (2007); the Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah (2008); and Grinnell College, Iowa (2009). In 2010, he was an artist in residence at Yaddo, Saratoga Springs, New York. A survey of Fraser’s work was held in 2004 at St. John’s University, St. Joseph, Minnesota. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at I-Space Gallery, Chicago (2007); Galerie Renate Bender, Munich (2008); Cumberland Gallery, Nashville, Tennessee (2007, 2010); Roy Boyd Gallery, Chicago (2007, 2008, 2010); and Scott White Contemporary Art, San Diego, California (2011). Fraser’s work has also been included in many museum exhibitions, including recent shows at the Neuer Kunstverein, Aschaffenburg, Germany (2008); the Brigham Young University Museum of Art, Provo, Utah (2009); the McNay Art Museum, San Antonio, Texas (2009); the Museo de Art Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia, Spain (2009); the Lancaster Museum of Art, Pennsylvania (2010); and the University of Alberta Museums, Edmonton, Canada (2010). Fraser lives and works in St. Charles, Illinois. More information about his work can be found at www.johnfraserstudio.com.

Teo González (b. 1964, Zaragoza, Spain) González studied at the Centro de Estudios de la Imagen, Madrid (1986) and participated in a painting workshop at Arteleku in San Sebastián, Spain (1991) before completing his BA in Art at California State University, Bakersfield (1997). González received a fellowship from the Vermont Studio Center in 2001. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Roy Boyd Gallery, Chicago (2006); Cervini/Haas Gallery, Scottsdale, Arizona (2006); Richard Levy Gallery, Albuquerque (2006); d.e.n. contemporary, Culver City, California (2007); Gallery Ihn, Seoul, Korea (2008); Irvine Contemporary Art, Washington, D.C. (2006, 2008); Spanierman Modern, New York (2008, 2010); Brian Gross Fine Art, San Francisco (2007, 2010); Galería Fernando Latorre, Madrid (2007, 2010); and Eight Modern, Santa Fe, New Mexico (2010). González lives and works in Brooklyn, New York. More information about his work can be found at www.teogonzalez.com.

Eva Hesse (b. 1936, Hamburg, Germany; d. 1970, New York, NY) Hesse studied at the Cooper Union, New York from 1954 to 1957. She received a Yale-Norfolk Fellowship in 1957 and continued her studies at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, until 1959. In 2006, Eva Hesse Drawing was organized by The Drawing Center, New York, in cooperation with the Menil Collection in Houston, Texas. The exhibition traveled to the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, and the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota. A second major exhibition, Eva Hesse Studiowork, traveled from 2009 to 2011, at the Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh, Scotland (2009); the Camden Arts Centre, London (2009); the Tàpies Foundation, Barcelona (2010); the Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto (2010); and the Berkeley Art Museum, California (2011). Additional solo shows have been held at the Jewish Museum, New York (2006); Hauser & Wirth, New York (2010); the UCLA Hammer Museum, Los Angeles (2010); and the University of New Mexico Art Museum, Albuquerque (2010). Hesse lived and worked in New York City.

Christine Hiebert (American, b. 1960, Basel, Switzerland) Hiebert received her BFA from the Philadelphia College of Art, Pennsylvania (1983) and her MFA from Brooklyn College, New York (1988). She is currently Adjunct Associate Professor of Drawing at the University of the Arts, Philadelphia. Hiebert has received fellowships from the MacDowell Colony, New Hampshire (1991, 2002, 2006) and has been resident at numerous artist colonies, including the Virginia Center for the Creative Arts, Amherst, Virginia (2009) and The Helene Wurlitzer Foundation, Taos, New Mexico (2010). Recent solo shows of Hiebert’s wall drawings and works on paper have been held at the Kemper Gallery, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas (2007); Gallery Joe, Philadelphia (2008); Margarete Roeder Gallery, New York (2008); ArtON, Bonn, Germany (2009); the Davis Museum at Wellesley College, Massachusetts (2009-2010); and Victoria Munroe Fine Arts, Boston (2006, 2010). In 2005, she created a monumental wall drawing for her exhibition RoundTrip: A Wall Drawing for the Rotunda at the Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich. Her work has also been included in exhibitions at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (2003); The Drawing Center, New York (2003); and The Museum of Modern Art, New York (2007). Hiebert lives and works in Brooklyn, New York. More information about her work can be found at www.christinehiebert.com.

Jene Highstein (b. 1942, Baltimore, MD) Highstein received his BA in Philosophy from the University of Maryland (1963) and continued with post-graduate studies at the University of Chicago until 1965. In 1966, Highstein studied drawing at the New York Studio School, before completing a post-graduate diploma at the Royal Academy Schools, London (1967-1970). Since 1973, Highstein has served as a visiting artist and professor at numerous educational institutions, most recently at The College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia (2008) and at the Vermont Studio Center in Johnson (2009). Highstein has received grants for his sculpture and printmaking from the National Endowment for the Arts (1976, 1978, 1984, 1994); the Creative Artist Public Service (1975, 1979); and the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation (1980). In 1992, he received the Augusts Saint-Gaudens Memorial Prize, and in 1998, he was resident at the International Artists Studio Program in Stockholm, Sweden. Highstein has held numerous solo exhibitions, most recently at Madison Square Park, New York (2005); Baumgartner Gallery, New York (2006); Andrews Gallery at The College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia (2008); Texas Gallery, Houston (2009); Björn Ressle Gallery, New York (2007, 2009); and the Ilju and Seonhwa Gallery, Seoul (2010). Highstein lives and works in New York City and Salem, New York.

Kristin Holder (b. 1973, Los Angeles) Holder received her BFA and BA from the University of Washington, Seattle (1996). She earned her MFA in Painting at American University, Washington, D.C. (1999). Holder has worked in the conservation departments at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. (2002-2004) and the Corcoran Museum of Art, Washington, D.C. (2007). In 2004, she was an assistant to Sol LeWitt during his work on Wall Drawing #65 at the National Gallery of Art. She has taught at American University (2005-2006) and was a lecturer at the University of Maryland, College Park (2006-2008). Holder was awarded second place in the Trawick Prize of Bethesda Contemporary Art, Maryland (2005) and has received grants and fellowships from the Pollock-Krasner Foundation (1999); the Millay Colony, New York (2000); the D.C. Commission on the Arts and Humanities (2001); and the British Academy in Rome (2002). In June 2008, she completed a one-month residency sponsored by the Edward F. Albee Foundation at the William Flanagan Memorial Creative Persons Center, Montauk, New York. Holder’s work has recently been included in exhibitions at the Katzen Museum, Washington, D.C. (2006); Warehouse, Washington, D.C. (2007); Don Soker Contemporary Art, San Francisco (2009); and the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia, Spain (2009). Recent solo exhibitions have been held at The Gallery of Alex Lake, Dover, New Hampshire (2006); Warehouse, Washington, D.C. (2007); and Gallery Joe, Philadelphia (2009). Holder lives and works in Philadelphia.

Roni Horn (b. 1955, New York, NY) Horn received her BFA with honors from the Rhode Island School of Design in Providence (1975) and earned an MFA at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut (1978). A major retrospective was organized in 2009 and traveled between Tate Modern, London; Collection Lambert, Avignon, France; the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; and the Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston. Horn’s work has been shown in numerous solo exhibitions, most recently at Kunsthaus Bregenz, Austria (2010) and the Centre of Contemporary Art Ujazdowski Castle, Warsaw, Poland (2010). Other recent solo exhibitions include the Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois (2004); Inverleith House, Edinburgh, Scotland (2006); Museion Bolzano, Italy (2006); Reykjavik Art Museum, Iceland (2007); the Australian Centre for Contemporary Art, Melbourne (2007); Xavier Hufkens, Brussels (2007, 2008); Centro de Arte Contemporáneo, Malaga, Spain (2008); The Common Guild, Glasgow (2009); Hauser & Wirth, Zürich, London, and New York (2004, 2006, 2008, 2010); Rat Hole Gallery, Tokyo (2008, 2010); and the Kukje Gallery, Seoul (2007, 2010). In 2007, Horn realized the permanent installation Vatnasafn / Library of Water in Stykkishólmur, Iceland. Horn lives and works in New York City and Reykjavik, Iceland.

Jasper Johns (b. 1930, Augusta, GA) Johns attended the University of South Carolina, Columbia (1947-1948) and the Parsons School of Design, New York (1949). A retrospective of Johns’s work was held in 1996 at The Museum of Modern Art, New York, and traveled to the Museum Ludwig, Köln, Germany and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo. An exhibition of his later work was organized by the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota and traveled to the Greenville County Museum of Art, South Carolina; the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh; the Institut Valencià d’Art Modern, Spain; and the Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at the Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut (2006, 2007); the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. (2007); Kunstmuseum Basel, Switzerland (2007); Matthew Marks Gallery, New York (2005, 2008); the Madison Museum of Contemporary Art, Wisconsin (2008); Bobbie Greenfield Gallery, Santa Monica, California (2008); the Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, Ohio (2009); The Museum of Modern Art, New York (2009); Craig F. Starr Gallery, New York (2006, 2010); and Leo Castelli Gallery, New York (2010). The 2008 exhibition Jasper Johns: Gray was organized by the Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois and traveled to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Johns lives and works in Connecticut and Saint Martin.

Donald Judd (b. 1928, Excelsior Springs, MO; d. 1995, Marfa, TX) Judd attended the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia and the Art Students League in New York before completing his BS in Philosophy at Columbia University, New York (1953). Judd was a critic for Arts Magazine from 1959 to 1965. He was awarded a travel grant from the Swedish Institute (1965), the Skowhegan Medal for Sculpture (1987) and the Brandeis University Medal for Sculpture (1987). In 1986, Judd founded the Chinati Foundation/La Fundacíon Chinati, a contemporary art museum, cultural sponsor, and artist residency program in Marfa, Texas. In 2002, an exhibition of Judd’s early work was organized by the Kunsthalle Bielefeld, Germany, and traveled to The Menil Collection, Houston. A major traveling exhibition was organized in 2004 by the Tate Modern, London, and traveled to K20 Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf and the Kunstmuseum Basel, Switzerland. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Art and Public—Cabinet PH, Geneva (2006); Monika Spruth/Philomene Magers, Köln (2006); JGM Galerie, Paris (2006); Chinati Foundation, Marfa (2006); PaceWildenstein, New York (2007); Hirschl & Adler Galleries, New York (2007); Mary Ryan Gallery, New York (2007); Tina Kim Gallery, New York (2008); Paula Cooper Gallery, New York (2008); Judd Foundation, Marfa (2008); L&M Arts, New York (2009); Galería Elvira González, Madrid (2009); Simon Lee Gallery, London (2009); and Galerie Thomas Zander, Köln (2010). Judd lived and worked in New York City and Marfa, Texas. More information about his work can be found at www.juddfoundation.org.

Ellsworth Kelly (b. 1923, Newburgh, NY) Kelly studied at Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, New York (1941-1943); the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (1945-1948); and the École des Beaux-Arts, Paris (1948-1954). Kelly is a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters (1974); the American Academy of Arts and Science (1996); L’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, France (1987); and L’Ordre National de la Légion d’Honneur, France (1992). He is an Honorary Royal Academician of England’s Royal Academy of Arts (2001). Kelly is the recipient of the Praemium Imperiale Award, Japan Art Association, Tokyo (2000); the Cultural Leadership Award, American Federation of the Arts (2001); and the Lifetime Achievement Award, Americans for the Arts (2007). Recent solo exhibitions have been held at The Serpentine Gallery, London (2006); Tate St. Ives, England (2006); Axa Gallery, New York (2006); the Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pennsylvania (2007); the Baltimore Museum of Art, Maryland (2007); The Museum of Modern Art (2007); Gemini G.E.L. at Joni Moisant Weyl, New York (2007); Ingleby Gallery, Edinburgh (2008); Matthew Marks Gallery, New York (2006, 2009); Middlesbrough Institute of Modern Art, UK (2010); The Hugh Lane Gallery, Dublin (2010); and The Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena, California (2010). Kelly lives and works in Spencertown, New York.

Jay Kelly (b. 1961, Pasadena, CA) Kelly earned his BA from Syracuse University, New York (1983). Recent solo exhibitions have been held at the Gallery at Lincoln Center, New York (2007); William Shearburn Gallery, St. Louis, Missouri (2007); Roy Boyd Gallery, Chicago (2006, 2008, 2010); and Jim Kempner Fine Art, New York (2007, 2008, 2010). His work was recently included in group exhibitions at Southeastern Louisiana University, Hammond (2007); Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut (2007); Allyn Gallup Contemporary Art, Sarasota, Florida (2008, 2009); the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia, Spain (2009); and The Contemporary Museum, Honolulu (2009). Kelly lives and works in Long Island City, New York.

Win Knowlton (b. 1953, Boston, MA) Knowlton attended the Instituto Allende, San Miguel de Allende, Mexico (1974) and the Winchester College of Art, England (1977) before receiving his BFA from the Parsons School of Design, New York (1978). He has received fellowships and grants from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation (1991); the Augustus St. Gaudens Foundation (1995); the Kaplan Foundation (1996); and the New York Foundation for the Arts (1999). Knowlton has completed residencies at Chesterwood, Stockbridge, Massachusetts (1988) and the Kohler Company, Wisconsin (1994). Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Paul Rodgers/9W, New York (2002); the PS1 Contemporary Art Center, New York (2002); and Galerie Minsky, Paris (2010). Knowlton lives and works in New York City. More information about his work can be found at www.winknowlton.com.

Barry Le Va (b. 1941, Long Beach, CA) Le Va attended California State University at Long Beach (1960) and the Los Angeles College of Art and Design, California (1963) before completing his BA and MFA at the Otis Art Institute of Los Angeles County, California (1967). He was awarded the Young Talent Grant from the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, California (1968); a Guggenheim Fellowship for Sculpture (1974); and a National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship (1976). In 2000, Le Va was nominated for the Hugo Boss Prize. Le Va has taught sculpture at the Minneapolis College of Art & Design, Minnesota (1968-1970); Princeton University, New Jersey (1973-1974); and Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (1976). Recent solo exhibitions have been held at the Museu Serralves, Porto, Portugal (2006); Metropol Kunstraum, Munich (2007); Dwight Hackett Projects, Santa Fe, New Mexico (2008); Galerie Fred Jahn, Munich (2006, 2009); Mary Boone Gallery, New York (2005, 2006, 2009); Nolan Judin, Berlin (2009); Marc Selwyn Fine Art, Los Angeles (2010); and David Nolan Gallery, New York (2008, 2010). Le Va lives and works in New York City.

Sol LeWitt (b. 1928, Hartford, CT; d. 2007, New York, NY) LeWitt earned his BFA at Syracuse University, New York in 1949. LeWitt’s work has been the subject of hundreds of solo exhibitions in museums and galleries and is represented in the collections of major museums worldwide. Retrospective exhibitions have been held at numerous venues, including The Museum of Modern Art, New York (1978); the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (1984), the Tate Gallery, London (1986); and the Kunsthalle Bern, Switzerland (1989). The most recent retrospective of LeWitt’s work was organized in 2000 by the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, California, and traveled to the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago and the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York. LeWitt’s wall drawings were installed in the Riggio Galleries at Dia:Beacon, New York, in 2006. In 2008, a wall drawing retrospective was installed at the Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art, North Adams, in partnership with the Yale University Art Gallery in New Haven, Connecticut and the Williams College Museum of Art in Williamstown, Massachusetts; this installation will remain on view for 25 years. LeWitt lived and worked in New York City.

Tod Lippy is the founder and editor of Esopus Magazine and the director of Esopus Space in New York City.

Alexis Evelyn Lowry is a graduate student at the Institute of Fine Arts at New York University. Lowry lives and works in New York City.

Linda Lynch (b. 1958, El Paso, TX) Lynch earned her BFA in drawing and printmaking from the San Francisco Art Institute in California. Her most recent solo exhibition was held in 2002 in Johannesburg, South Africa. Lynch has worked in Africa since 1998, and her experiences there have importantly influenced her work on paper. Her work has recently been included in museum and gallery exhibitions at the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas (2006); the El Paso Museum of Art, Texas (2007, 2008); the Museo de Arte, Ciudad Juarez, Mexico (2008); The Watermill Center, Water Mill, New York (2008); the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia, Spain (2009); and the Moody Gallery, Houston, Texas (2009). Lynch lives and works in southern New Mexico. More information about her work can be found at www.lindalynchstudio.net.

Robert Mangold (b. 1937, North Tonawanda, NY) Mangold attended the Cleveland Institute of Art, Ohio (1956-1960) before receiving a Summer Art Fellowship from Yale University in 1959. He completed his BFA and MFA at the Yale University School of Art and Architecture, New Haven, Connecticut (1961; 1963), and taught at the School of Visual Arts, New York from 1963-1970. Mangold has been the recipient of the National Council for the Arts Award (1966); the National Endowment for the Visual Arts Fellowship (1967); the Guggenheim Memorial Grant (1969); the Skowhegan Medal for Painting from the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, Maine (1993); the Alexej von Jawlensky Award from the Museum Wiesbaden, Germany (1996); and an award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, of which he is a member (2001). Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Galería Elvira González, Madrid (2006); the Musée d’Orsay, Paris (2006); Pace Editions, New York (2006); Galerie Greta Meert, Brussels (2007); Pace Prints, New York (2008); Annemarie Verna Gallery, Zürich (2008-2009); Parasol Unit for Contemporary Art, London (2009); PaceWildenstein, New York (2007, 2009); Lisson Gallery, London (2009); and the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York (2009-2010). Mangold lives and works in Washingtonville, New York.

Brice Marden (b. 1938, Bronxville, NY) Marden attended Florida Southern College, Lakeland, before earning his BFA at the Boston University of Fine and Applied Arts, Massachusetts (1961). He studied at the Yale University Summer School of Music and Arts, Norfolk, Connecticut (1961) and received his MFA from the Yale University School of Art and Architecture, New Haven, Connecticut (1963). In 2006, a paintings and drawings retrospective was organized by The Museum of Modern Art, New York, and traveled to the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, California and the Hamburger Bahnhof, Berlin. Other recent solo exhibitions have been held at the Kunstmuseum Basel, Switzerland (2007) and Matthew Marks Gallery, New York (2010). Marden lives and works in New York City.

Stefana McClure (b. 1959, Lisburn, Northern Ireland) McClure completed her BA in Sculpture at Hornsey College of Art in London (1980-1984). She continued her studies in papermaking, with a Monbusho Scholarship, at Kyoto Seika University in Japan (1993-1995). In 1998, McClure was a visiting artist at the Awagami Paper Mill, Awayamakawa, Tokushima, Japan, and she has since been resident at the University of Central Arkansas in Conway (2008) and the Field Institute Hombroich in Neuss, Germany (2008, 2010). McClure is the recipient of a Pollock-Krasner Foundation Grant. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at the Kunstverein Grafschaft Bentheim, Neuenhaus, Germany (2006); Bartha Contemporary, London (2009); ArtON, Bonn, Germany (2010); and Josée Bienvenu Gallery, New York (2006, 2008, 2011). McClure has also been included in numerous museum exhibitions, most recently at the Krannert Art Museum, Urbana-Champaign, Illinois (2008); the Contemporary Art Center, Cincinnati, Ohio (2008); the John Michael Kohler Arts Center, Sheboygan, Wisconsin (2009); and the Museum Folkwang, Essen, Germany (2010). McClure lives and works in Brooklyn, New York.

Mary McDonnell (b. 1959, Saginaw, MI) McDonnell received her BFA from Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo (1981) and her MFA from Syracuse University, New York (1984). She has received the Western Michigan University Arts Centennial Distinguished Artist Award (2003) and the Delaware Valley Arts Alliance Fellowship Award (2004). McDonnell has served numerous artist residencies, including the Oberpfälzer Künstlerhaus, Schwandorf, Germany (2007); the MacDowell Colony, Peterborough, New Hampshire (2007); and the Virginia Center for the Creative Arts, Amherst (2002, 2009). Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Miller Block Gallery, Boston (2005) and James Graham Gallery, New York (2005, 2007, 2009). McDonnell’s work has also been included in group exhibitions at various venues, most recently including the Delaware Center for Creative Arts, Wilmington (2005); Kunst-und-Gewerbeverein, Regensburg, Germany (2008); the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia, Spain (2009); James Graham Gallery, New York (2006, 2009, 2010); the Visual Arts Gallery of the School of Visual Arts, New York (2010); and the Christine Price Gallery at Castleton State College, Vermont (2011). McDonnell lives and works in Brooklyn and upstate New York. More information about her work can be found at www.marymcdonnellart.com.

Kathleen McEvily is a graduate student in the Museum Studies department at The City College of New York, currently working on her Master’s thesis. Kathleen has worked at the Kramarsky Collection, The Whitney Museum of American Art, and The Peggy Guggenheim Collection in Venice, Italy. McEvily currently resides in White Plains, New York.

Tad Mike (b. 1975, LaGrange, GA) Mike completed his BA at the New School University, New York (1998) and his BFA at The Cooper Union, New York (2001). He has worked as a writer, curator, lecturer, photographer, and master printer, among other creative positions. In 2007, Mike was resident at the Robert MacNamara Foundation in Westport Island, Maine. He was resident at L’Anglin, Beauvais in Concremiers, France, in 2009. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at the Aoyama Enkei Theatre, Tokyo (2007); the Robert MacNamara Foundation (2007); the Nexus Multicultural Arts Center, Adelaide, Australia (2008); the Lamar Dodd Art Center, LaGrange, Georgia (2006, 2009); and the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (2005, 2008, 2011). Mike lives and works in New York City. More information about his work can be found at www.tadmike.com.

Deborah Gottheil Nehmad (b. 1952, Brooklyn, NY) Nehmad received her BA in Government from Smith College, Northampton, Massachusetts (1974) and her JD from the Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, D.C. (1982). After beginning a career as a lawyer, she earned her MFA in Printmaking from the University of Hawaii at Manoa (1998). Nehmad is a recipient of the Individual Artist Fellowship in Visual Arts from the Hawaii State Foundation on Culture and the Arts (2008). Recent solo exhibitions have been held at the Art Center at the Honolulu Academy of Arts, Hawaii (2005); the Hui Noeau Visual Arts Center, Maui, Hawaii (2006); and the Koa Gallery at the Kapiolani Community College, Hawaii (2006). Nehmad’s work has been included in group exhibitions at such venues as the Sung Shin Women’s University, Seoul (2006); The Honolulu Academy of Arts (2006); The Contemporary Museum, Honolulu (2006, 2008); the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia, Spain (2009); and the Hawaii State Art Museum, Honolulu (2007, 2010). Nehmad lives and works in Honolulu, Hawaii. More information about her work can be found at www.deborahnehmad.com.

Andrea J. Nitsche is a graduate student at New York University’s Institute of Fine Arts. She received her BA with highest honors in the History of Art and Visual Culture at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Prior to her studies at the IFA, Nitsche worked as Assistant to the Director and Curatorial Assistant in the Department of Painting and Sculpture at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, California. Nitsche lives and works in New York City.

Jill O’Bryan (b. 1956, Chicago, IL) O’Bryan received her BA from Macalester College, St. Paul, Minnesota (1978) and her MFA from the San Francisco Art Institute, California (1990). She completed her PhD in Visual Studies at New York University, New York in 2000. O’Bryan was one of the first recipients of the Marie Walsh Sharpe Space Program Fellowship (1990-1991). She was a Teaching Fellow at New York University (1993-1995), and while there she received several New York University Graduate Students Organization Travel Grants (1997, 1998, 2000). Her work has most recently been included in group shows at ABC No Rio, New York (2006); OK Harris Gallery, New York (2007); the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia, Spain (2009); Gallery Joe, Philadelphia (2010); and Danese Gallery, New York (2011). O’Bryan is also active as a writer and a collaborative performance artist. She lives and works in New York City and Las Vegas.

Gloria Ortiz-Hernández (b. 1943, Cali, Colombia) Ortiz-Hernández received her BA cum laude in Art History and Studio Art from Marymount College in Tarrytown, New York (1966). She has been included in numerous group exhibitions, most recently at The Drawing Room, East Hampton, New York (2006); Kiang Gallery, Atlanta (2007); Josée Bienvenu Gallery, New York (2007); Victoria Munroe Fine Art, Boston (2007); and the Texas State University Gallery, San Marco (2009). In 2007, Ortiz-Hernández was part of a major exhibition on work in graphite, organized by the University of Richmond Museums, Virginia, and traveled to the Dean Lesher Regional Center for the Arts, Walnut Creek, California; Western Washington University, Bellingham; the University of Central Arkansas, Conway; the University of Arkansas, Fayetteville; the University of Rochester, New York; Yellowstone Art Museum, Billings, Montana; and the Palmer Museum of Art at Pennsylvania State University, College Park. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Gallery N. von Bartha, London (2005) and Kiang Gallery, Atlanta (2004, 2009). Ortiz-Hernández lives and works in Bogotá, Colombia. More information about her work can be found at www.gloriaortiz-hernandez.com.

Tristan Perich (b. 1982, New York, NY) Perich received his BA from Columbia University, New York, in 2004. He completed an MPS in Interactive Telecommunications at New York University’s Tisch School of the Arts in 2007. Perich has been an artist in residence at Issue Project Room, Brooklyn (2008); Copenhagen A.I.R. (2010); and the Addison Gallery, Andover, Massachusetts (2010). He received the Prix Ars Electronica Award of Distinction in 2009. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at bitforms gallery, New York (2009); Mikrogalleriet, Copenhagen, Denmark (2010); Museo Carandante, Spoleto, Italy (2010); Motelsalieri, Rome (2010); the Addison Gallery, Andover, Massachusetts (2010); and the Katonah Museum of Art, New York (2011). Perich’s work has been included in numerous group shows, most recently at LaBoral Centro de Arte, Gijon, Spain (2009); Gallery Four, Baltimore (2010); Camel Art Space, Brooklyn (2010); MCLA Gallery 51, North Adams, Massachusetts (2010); iMAL, Brussels (2010); and the Therese A. Maloney Art Gallery, Morristown, New Jersey (2011). Perich lives and works in New York City. More information about his work can be found at www.tristanperich.com.

Sylvia Plimack Mangold (b. 1938, New York, NY) Plimack Mangold studied at the Cooper Union, New York (1956-1959) and completed her BFA at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (1959-1961). She received a National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship in 1974, and she has since been awarded the Edwin P. Palmer Memorial Prize (2006) and the William A. Paton Prize (2009) from the National Academy Museum, New York. Plimack Mangold received the Cooper Union President’s Citation for Art in 2009. Recent solo exhibitions include a survey of works on paper held at the University of Michigan Museum of Art, Ann Arbor (1992), which traveled throughout the United States; a paintings survey organized by the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York (1994), which also traveled extensively; and shows at such venues as Annemarie Verna Galerie, Zürich (2007); and Alexander and Bonin, New York (2007). Plimack Mangold lives and works in Washingtonville, New York.

Erwin Redl (b. 1963, Gföhl, Austria) Redl is well known for his large-scale LED installations and environments. In 1993, after finishing his studies at the Vienna Music Academy with a BA in Composition (1990) and a BA in Electronic Music (1991), Redl was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship for graduate studies in computer art at the School of Visual Arts, New York (MFA 1995). Redl participated in the 2002 Whitney Biennial, covering the Whitney Museum’s façade with three multi-color LED veils. In 2008, he created a sound and light installation for the Austrian Pavilion at the World Expo in Zaragoza, Spain. The Pacific Design Center’s new Red Building by Cesar Pelli will feature four permanent installations by the artist, to be completed in 2011. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Conduit Gallery, Dallas (2006); the Museum of Contemporary Art, Denver (2006); Sara Roney Gallery, Paddington, Australia (2007); Ace Gallery, Beverly Hills, California (2007); the Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego (2008); the Huret and Spector Gallery at Emerson College, Boston (2008); Galereya Dzyga, Lviv, Ukraine (2009); the WSU Gallery at Wright University, Dayton, Ohio (2009); Bowling Green State University, Ohio (2010); and Galerie Göttlicher, Stein/Krems, Austria (2011). Redl lived in New York from 1993 to 2007. He now lives and works in rural Ohio. More information about his work can be found at www.paramedia.net.

Edda Renouf (b. 1943, Mexico) Renouf received her BFA from Sarah Lawrence College, Bronxville, New York (1965). She studied at the Art Students League, New York (1967-1968) and the Akademie der Bildenden Künste, Munich (1969-1970) before earning her MFA at Columbia University, New York (1971). Renouf was awarded a painting fellowship through Columbia University in Paris in 1972. She has received grants from the National Endowment for the Arts (1976); the Pollock-Krasner Foundation (1990); and the Centre National des Arts Plastiques, France (1996). A retrospective of Renouf’s work since 1972 was organized by the Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe, Germany in 1997. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Galerie Arnaud Lefebvre, Paris (2006); New Arts Gallery, Litchfield, Connecticut (2006); Galerie Sollertis, Toulouse, France (2007); Galería Charpa, Valencia, Spain (2007); and Galerie 1900-2000, Paris (2010). Renouf’s work has been included in group exhibitions at such venues as the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia, Spain (2009); the Centre Pompidou, Paris (2009-2011); the Albright-Knox Gallery, Buffalo, New York (2010); the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. (2010); and the British Museum, London (2010-2011). Renouf lives and works in Paris. More information about her work can be found at www.eddarenouf.com.

Christina Rosenberger is a PhD candidate at the Institute of Fine Arts at New York University, where she is a Craig Hugh Smyth Fellow. Rosenberger’s academic work focuses on modern and contemporary art, and her dissertation investigates the early work of the artist Agnes Martin. She is the Research Coordinator for the Center for the Technical Study of Modern Art at the Harvard Art Museum. The Center investigates the materials and issues associated with the making and conservation of modern art and serves as a resource for conservators, scholars, and students by collecting, preserving and presenting relevant research and materials.

Robert Ryman (b. 1930, Nashville, TN) Ryman studied at the Tennessee Polytechnic Institute, Cookeville and the George Peabody College for Teachers, Nashville, Tennessee (1948-1949). He has been awarded a fellowship from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation (1973) and the Skowhegan Medal from the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture (1985). Ryman was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1994. The most recent retrospective of Ryman’s work was organized in 1993 and traveled to the Tate Gallery, London; the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid; the Museum of Modern Art, New York; the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, California; and the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis. Other solo exhibitions have been held at Inverleith House at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, Scotland (2006); the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia (2006-2007); The Menil Collection, Houston, Texas (2007-2008); Yvon Lambert, New York (2009); Hallen für neue Kunst, Schaffhausen, Switzerland (2008-2010); Dia:Beacon Riggio Galleries, New York (2010); Pace Wildenstein, New York (2007, 2010); and The Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C. (2010). Ryman lives and works in New York City.

Karen Schiff (b. 1967, New Haven, CT) Schiff earned her AB in Comparative Literature and her AM in English from Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island (1989). From the University of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia, she received her PhD in Comparative Literature and Literary Theory (1998). Schiff completed her MFA in Studio Art at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts / Tufts University, Boston (2006). She won a Drawing Award from the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston in 2005. Schiff has been resident at the Vermont Studio Center, Johnson (2004); the Jentel Arts Foundation, Wyoming (2006); the Harwood Museum of Art, Taos, New Mexico (2007); and the Edward F. Albee Foundation, Montauk, New York (2007). In 2010, Schiff spoke on two panels on book arts criticism at the Contemporary Artists’ Books Conference, MoMA / PS1 Contemporary Art Center, Queens, New York. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Kingston Gallery, Boston (2006); the Tufts University Art Gallery, Medford, Massachusetts (2006); Waypoint Gallery, Marfa, Texas (2006); Jason Rulnick Gallery, New York (2007); Danese Gallery, New York (2010); the Flanagan Campus Gallery, Community College of Rhode Island, Warwick (2011); and the Diane Birdsall Gallery, Old Lyme, Connecticut (2011). Schiff’s work has been included in numerous group exhibitions, most recently at such venues as Björn Ressle Gallery, New York (2008); the Mills Gallery, Boston Center for the Arts, Massachusetts (2009); the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia, Spain (2009); Galería Astarté, Madrid (2010); and Danese Gallery, New York (2010; 2011). Schiff lives and works in New York City. More information about her work can be found at www.karen-schiff.com.

Richard Serra (b. 1939, San Francisco, CA) Serra received his BA in English from the University of California, Santa Barbara (1961), before earning his BFA and MFA in painting at the Yale University School of Art and Architecture, New Haven, Connecticut (1964). Recent solo exhibitions have been held at the Guggenheim Bilbao, Spain (2005) and the Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais, Paris (2008). A forty-year sculpture retrospective was organized by The Museum of Modern Art, New York in 2007, and a retrospective exhibition of Serra’s drawings will open at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 2011, travelling to the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art and the Menil Collection, Houston, Texas (2012). Serra lives and works in New York City.

Joel Shapiro (b. 1941, New York, NY) Shapiro received his BA from New York University, New York (1964) before joining the Peace Corps in India (1965-1967). He earned his MA from New York University in 1969. Shapiro is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and the Swedish Royal Academy of Art. He has received a Visual Art Fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts (1975); the Brandeis University Creative Arts Award (1984); the Skowhegan Medal for Sculpture (1986); and the Award of Merit medal for Sculpture from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, New York (1990). Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Texas Gallery, Houston (2008); The Van Every/Smith Galleries at Davidson College, North Carolina (2008); Gana Art Center, Seoul (2008); LA Louver, Venice, California (2006, 2009); Galerie Daniel Templon, Paris (2009); Gemini G.E.L. at Joni Moisant Weyl, New York (2009); Paula Cooper Gallery (2010); The Pace Gallery (2010); and Galerie Karsten Greve, St. Moritz, Switzerland (2009, 2010); and Galerie Karsten Greve, Köln (2010). Shapiro lives and works in New York City.

Mark Sheinkman (b. 1963, New York, NY) Sheinkman received his BA from Princeton University, New Jersey (1985). Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Gallery Joe, Philadelphia (2007); the Grand Rapids Art Museum, Michigan (2008); Fruehsorge Contemporary Drawings, Berlin (2008); Von Lintel Gallery, New York (2006, 2007, 2009); the Museum Gegenstandsfreier Kunst, Otterndorf, Germany (2009); Holly Johnson Gallery, Dallas (2010); and Steven Zevitas Gallery, Boston (2010). Sheinkman’s work has also been included in numerous group exhibitions, most recently at the University Art Gallery, Sonoma State University, Rohnert Park, California (2006); the Palmer Museum of Art, Pennsylvania State University, University Park (2007); the University of Richmond Museum, Virginia (2007); the Figge Art Museum, Davenport, Iowa (2008); the Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin College, Ohio (2008); the Museo de Art Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia, Spain (2009); and the Kupferstichkabinett, Berlin (2010). Sheinkman lives and works in New York City. More information about his work can be found at www.marksheinkman.com.

Holly Shen is a graduate student at the Institute of Fine Arts at New York University. In 2006, she received her BA from Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. Prior to commencing graduate studies, Shen worked as a registrar at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, where she assisted with the permanent collection.

Robert Smithson (b. 1938, Passaic, NJ, d. 1973, Amarillo, TX) Smithson studied at the Art Students League, New York and the Brooklyn Museum School, New York. His earthworks, including Spiral Jetty in Utah’s Great Salt Lake, are sited throughout the United States. A retrospective of Smithson’s work was organized by the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles in 2004 and traveled to the Dallas Museum of Art, Texas and the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York in 2005. Other recent solo exhibitions have been held at James Cohan Gallery, New York (2001); the American Academy in Rome, Italy (2003); the Vancouver Art Gallery, British Columbia, Canada (2003-2004); Art Kabinett at Art Basel Miami Beach, Florida (2008); and James Cohan Gallery at Art Basel, Switzerland (2010). Smithson lived and worked in New York City.

Sara Sosnowy (b. 1957, Texas City, TX) Sosnowy received her BFA from Stephen F. Austin State University, Nacogdoches, Texas (1981) and her MFA from Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, New York (1989). Sosnowy has been awarded grants and fellowships by The Drawing Center, New York (1994); the Mid Atlantic Arts Foundation, Baltimore (1996); and the Fifth Floor Foundation, New York (1999). Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Lesley Heller Gallery, New York, in 2006 and 2009. Sosnowy’s work has been included in numerous group exhibitions, most recently at such venues as McKenzie Fine Art, New York (2005); the Nielsen Gallery, Boston (2007); the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia, Spain (2009); and the Delaware Center for the Contemporary Arts, Wilmington (2010). Sosnowy lives and works in New York City. More information about her work can be found at www.sarasosnowy.com.

Allyson Strafella (b. 1969, Brooklyn, NY) Strafella earned her BFA at Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts, in partnership with the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (1993). In 1995, she participated in the Summer Program at the Skowhegan School of Art, Maine. Strafella has received grants and fellowships from the Pollock-Krasner Foundation (1999); the New York Foundation for the Arts (2001); and the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation (2002). She has completed residencies at the Fine Arts Work Center, Provincetown, Massachusetts (1996); the MacDowell Colony, Peterborough, New Hampshire (2001, 2002); and Yaddo, Saratoga Springs, New York (2001). In 2007, Strafella participated in the Workspace Program at Dieu Donné Papermill, New York. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Untitled Space, Hudson, New York (2005); Grid Space, Brooklyn (2009); and Von Lintel Gallery, New York (2011). Strafella’s work has also been included in numerous group exhibitions, at such venues as Von Lintel Gallery, New York (2007); John Davis Gallery, Hudson, New York (2008); Josée Bienvenu Gallery, New York (2008); the San Diego Museum of Art, California (2008); Dieu Donné, New York (2008); Judy Rotenberg Gallery, Boston (2009); the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia, Spain (2009); the University Art Museum, SUNY Albany, New York (2010); and Gallery Joe, Philadelphia (2010, 2011). Strafella lives and works in Hudson, New York. More information about her work can be found at www.allysonstrafella.info.

Michael Straus, who resides in Birmingham, Alabama, recently graduated in Classics from the University of Cambridge. He is also an occasional writer for The Brooklyn Rail, a member of the Drawings Committee of The Whitney Museum of American Art, a Trustee of the Birmingham Museum of Art, and Chair of The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts.

Hadi Tabatabai (b. 1964, Mashhad, Iran) Tabatabai moved to California in 1977. He received a BS in Industrial Technology from California State University, Fresno, in 1985, and he completed his BA in Painting from the San Francisco Art Institute in 1995. Tabatabai was a finalist for the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art’s SECA Art Award in 2004 and received the Pollock-Krasner Foundation Award in 2008. He has been an artist in residence at the Asian Art Museum, San Francisco (2005); the Kala Art Institute, Berkeley, California (2008); and the Headlands Center for the Arts, Sausalito, California (2010). Recent solo exhibitions of his work have been held at Stephen Wurtz Gallery, San Francisco (2006); Brian Gross Fine Art, San Francisco (2009); Inde/Jacobs, Marfa, Texas (2009, 2010); and Danese, New York (2010). His work has also been included in numerous museum exhibitions, most recently at the Berkeley Art Center, California (2009); The Contmporary Museum in Honolulu, Hawaii (2009-2010); and the San Jose Institute for Contemporary Art, California (2010). Tabatabai lives and works in San Francisco. More information about his work can be found at www.topause.com.

Lynne Woods Turner (b. 1951, Dallas, TX) Turner received her BFA from Stephens College in Columbia, Missouri (1973) and completed her MA and MFA at the University of Iowa, Iowa City (1976, 1977). Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Devin Borden Hiram Butler Gallery, Houston (2005); Gallery Joe, Philadelphia (2007); and Greg Kucera Gallery, Seattle (2010). Turner’s work has also been included in numerous group exhibitions at such venues as Daniel Weinberg Gallery, Los Angeles (2007); the San Diego Museum of Art, California (2008); Kudleck van der Grinten Galerie, Köln (2008); the University of Southern California Roski School of Fine Arts, Los Angeles (2008); Gallery Joe, Philadelphia (2006, 2009); Texas State University, San Marcos (2009); Greg Kucera Gallery, Seattle (2008, 2010); Danese, New York (2010); the Douglas F. Cooley Memorial Art Gallery, Reed College, Portland, Oregon (2010); and Edward Thorp Gallery, New York (2010). Turner lives and works in Portland, Oregon.

Richard Tuttle (b. 1941, Rahway, NJ) Tuttle received his BA from Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut (1963). Tuttle was awarded the Biennial Prize at the Art Institute of Chicago’s 74th American Exhibition (1982); the Skowhegan Medal for Sculpture (1998); the Aachen Art Prize from the Ludwig Forum fur Internationale Kunst (1998); and the Academy Award in Art from the American Academy of Arts and Letters (2003). He was given an Honorary Doctorate Degree of Fine Arts from the California College of the Arts in 2006. A major retrospective was organized by the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, California in 2005 and traveled to the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; the Des Moines Art Center, Iowa; the Dallas Museum of Art, Texas; the Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago; and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles. Recent solo exhibitions have also been held at Galerie Ulrike Schmela, Düsseldorf, Germany (2007); Galerie Lena Bruning, Berlin (2007); Tomio Koyama Gallery, Tokyo (2007); Kunsthaus Zug, Switzerland (2008); PaceWildenstein, New York (2009); Modern Art, London (2009); Carolina Nitsch Project Room, New York (2009-2010); Craig F. Starr Gallery, New York (2010); Gemini G.E.L. at Joni Moisant Weyl, New York (2010); Dunn and Brown Contemporary, Dallas (2010); Sperone Westwater, New York (2006, 2007, 2008, 2010); Galleri Nicolai Wallner, Copenhagen (2007, 2010); Annemarie Verna Galerie, Zürich (2006, 2008, 2010); and the Dublin City Gallery, Ireland (2010-2011). Tuttle lives and works in New York City.

Esteban Vicente (b. 1903, Turegano, Spain; d. 2001, Bridgehampton, NY) Vicente studied sculpture at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Madrid (1921 – 1922; 1933 – 1934). Throughout his career, he held numerous positions teaching Spanish and studio art at educational institutions in the United States, Puerto Rico, and Spain. Vicente received a fellowship from the Tamarind Lithography Workshop, Los Angeles in 1962. He was awarded the Benjamin Altman Prize from the National Academy of Design (1980); the Saltus Gold Medal from the National Academy of Design, New York (1985); the Childe Hassam-Eugene Speicher Purchase Award from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters (1988); the Medalla de Oro al Mérito en las Bellas Artes from King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia of the Spanish government (1991); the Lifetime Achievement in the Arts Award from the Guild Hall Museum, Southampton, NY (1993); the Premio de Castilla y León de las Artes from the government of Castilla y León, Spain (1997); the Gran Crux de la Orden Civil de Alfonso X “el Sabio” (1999); the Segovian Man of the Year Award (1999); and the Premio Arcale from the city of Salamanca, Spain (1999). Vicente became a National Academician at the National Academy of Design in 1986 and was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1993. In 1998, the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente was opened in Segovia, Spain, and a memorial exhibition of Vicente’s work was held at the museum in 2001. In 2011, a solo exhibition of Vicente’s work was held at the Grey Art Gallery at New York University, New York.

Ursula von Rydingsvard (b. 1942, Deensen, Germany) Von Rydingsvard studied at the University of New Hampshire in Durham, before completing her BA and MA at the University of Miami in Coral Gables, Florida (1965). In 1970, she continued with post-graduate studies at the University of California at Berkeley, before earning her MFA at Columbia University in New York in 1975. Von Rydingsvard is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, and she was the recipient of the Academy’s Award in Art in 1994. She has received grants and awards from numerous organizations, including the New York State Council on the Arts (1978); the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation (1983); the Athena Foundation (1983); the National Endowment for the Arts (1979, 1986); and the Joan Mitchell Foundation (1997). In 2007, von Rydingsvard was resident at the American Academy in Rome, Italy. She was awarded the Rappaport Prize by the deCordova Museum and Sulpture Park in Lincoln, Massachusetts in 2008. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Madison Square Park, New York (2006); the Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York (2007); the Portland Art Museum, Oregon (2007); the Pilane Heritage Society, Tjorn, Sweden (2009); Galerie Lelong, New York (2006, 2010); and the Barbara Krakow Gallery, Boston (2010). Von Rydingsvard lives and works in New York City. More information about her work can be found at www.ursulavonrydingsvard.net.

Joan Waltemath (b. 1953, Nebraska) Waltemath studied at the University of Nebraska (1971-1973) before completing her BFA at the Rhode Island School of Design in Providence (1976). She earned her MFA at Hunter College, New York, in 1993. Waltemath is a writer and educator, as well as Editor-at-Large for The Brooklyn Rail. She is the Director of the Hoffberger School of Painting at the Maryland Institute College of Art in Baltimore. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Victoria Munroe Fine Art, Boston (2005); Gallery Niklas von Bartha, London (2006); Galerie von Bartha, Basel, Switzerland (2007); and ArtON, Bonn, Germany (2009). Waltemath’s work has been included in numerous group exhibitions, at such venues as MoMA PS1, Long Island City, New York (2007); The Drawing Room, East Hampton, New York (2006, 2008); The Painting Center, New York (2008); the San Diego Museum of Art, California (2008); the Brattleboro Museum & Art Center, Vermont (2009); 210 Gallery, Brooklyn (2009); Le Magasin, Centre National d’Art Contemporain, Grenoble, France (2009); The Philoctetes Center, New York (2009); Gallery Joe, Philadelphia (2006, 2009); Southern New Hampshire University, Manchester (2009); Janet Kurnatowski Gallery, Brooklyn (2008, 2009); Björn Ressle Gallery, New York (2008, 2009, 2010); and Frederico Sève Gallery, New York (2010). Waltemath lives and works in New York City.

Lawrence Weiner (b. 1942, Bronx, NY) Weiner attended the New York public school system. He spent the late 1950s and 1960s traveling throughout the United States, Mexico, and Canada. Weiner’s work was first shown in Mill Valley, California in 1960. He has since participated in numerous public and private projects and exhibitions, both within the United States and internationally. Weiner has been awarded fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts (1976, 1983) and the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation (1994), as well as the Singer Prize (1988); the Arthur Kopcke Prize (1991); the Wolfgang Hahn Prize (1995); and the Skowhegan Medal for Painting and Conceptual Art (1999). He lives and works in New York City and Amsterdam.

Anne Wheeler is a graduate student at the Institute of Fine Arts at New York University and a Curatorial Assistant at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York. She lives and works in New York City.

Mark Williams (b. 1950, Pittsburgh, PA) Williams completed both his BFA in Art Education and his MFA in Painting and Sculpture at North Texas State University in Denton. In 1975, he participated in the Whitney Museum Independent Study Program in New York. He is the recipient of grants from the National Endowment for the Arts (1980, 1989); Artists’ Space, New York (1985); and The Pollock-Krasner Foundation (1994). Williams became a member of the American Abstract Artists in 2006. In 2007, he was Artist in Residence at The Josef and Anni Albers Foundation. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Fruehsorge Galerie für Zeichnung, Berlin (2006); Barry Whistler Gallery, Dallas (2007); Galerie Schlegl, Zürich (2007); Wade Wilson Art, Houston (2007); and the Mildred Hawn Gallery and Pollock Gallery, both at Southern Methodist University, Dallas (2010). Williams’s work has been included in numerous group exhibitions, most recently at St. Peters College Art Gallery, Jersey City, New Jersey (2007); Frederieke Taylor Gallery, New York (2008); The University of Texas, Dallas (2008); Galerie Schlegl, Zürich (2006, 2008, 2009); the Musée d’Art et d’Histoire, Neuchatel, Switzerland (2005, 2009); 210 Gallery, Brooklyn (2009); Museum Liner, Appenzel, Switzerland (2009); Janet Kurnatowksi Gallery, Brooklyn (2008, 2010); the New York Institute of Technology, New York (2009, 2010); Wade Wilson Art, Houston (2006, 2009, 2010); Castello Aragonese di Otranto, Italy (2010); and Barry Whistler Gallery, Dallas (2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011). Williams lives and works in New York City. More information about his work can be found at www.markwilliamsartist.com.

Christopher Wilmarth (b. 1943, Sonoma, CA; d. 1987, Brooklyn, NY) Wilmarth received his BFA from the Cooper Union, New York (1965). He taught sculpture and drawing at the Cooper Union, New York (1969-1980) and was a professor of sculpture at Columbia University, New York (1986). Wilmarth was the recipient of fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts (1969, 1977, 1980); the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation (1970, 1983); and the Howard Foundation at Brown University (1972). In 1972, he was awarded the Norman Wait Harris Award from the Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois. Selected exhibitions of Wilmarth’s work have been held at The Museum of Modern Art, New York (1989); the Neuberger Museum of Art, Purchase, New York (1989); Robert Miller Gallery, New York (2000, 2003); the University Gallery at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst (2001); the Fogg Art Museum at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (2003); Nielsen Gallery, Boston (1993, 1998, 2003); and Betty Cuningham Gallery, New York (2005, 2007-2008). Wilmarth lived and worked in Brooklyn, New York.

Terry Winters (b. 1949, Brooklyn, NY) Winters earned his BFA at Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, New York (1971). He is represented by the Matthew Marks Gallery in New York. Recent solo exhibitions have been held at Matthew Marks Gallery (2005, 2008); Galerie Jablonka, Berlin (2006) and Köln (2010); the Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin (2009); and the Douglas F. Cooley Memorial Art Gallery, Reed College, Portland, Oregon (2010). Winters lives and works in New York City and Columbia County.

Joan Witek (b. 1943, New York, NY) Witek earned her BFA from Hofstra University, New York (1964) and continued her studies at the Brooklyn Museum Art School, New York (1964-1968) and the Art Students League, New York (1969-1973). She was a Curatorial Assistant at the Brooklyn Museum in Primitive Art and New World Cultures (1964-1968), and she worked as an Assistant Curator at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York in the Rockefeller Wing (1971-1978). Witek attended City University and Hunter College, New York, for graduate coursework in art history (1977-1981). Witek’s work has recently been included in exhibitions at such venues as the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (2007); the San Diego Museum of Art, California (2008); the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia, Spain (2009); Bartha Contemporary, London (2009); the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York (2008, 2009); Galerie Weinberger, Copenhagen, Denmark (2010); and the Collection of Carl Jurgen Schroth, Soest-Arnsberg, Germany (2011). She lives and works in New York City. More information about her work can be found at www.joanwitek.com.

Sarah Zabrodski is a Master’s candidate at the Institute of Fine Arts at New York University. She is a writer for Art Observed, a contemporary art blog. Having recently completed an internship at ARTnews, Zabrodski is currently embarking on a new project with the American branch of the International Association of Art Critics. She lives and works in New York City.

Joseph Zito (b. 1957, Brooklyn, NY) Zito has had recent solo exhibitions at Lennon, Weinberg, New York, in 2005, 2007, and 2010. His work has been included in group exhibitions at such venues as the University Gallery at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst (2003); Lennon, Weinberg, New York (2005, 2008); and the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Esteban Vicente, Segovia, Spain (2009). Zito lives and works in Brooklyn, New York. More information about his work can be found at www.josephzito.com.